Complete Guide To Technical SEO

In this all-new guide, you’ll learn all about:

Introduction To Technical SEO

Technical SEO is a process that is used to optimize a website from an infrastructure standpoint. It encompasses everything from choosing the best hosting solution to setting up proper redirects, using structured data, and more. Technical SEO requires a deep understanding of the technology used on the backend of a website in order to ensure that the website is properly optimized for search engines.

In this guide, we will cover the basics of Technical SEO, including what it is, the benefits of Technical SEO, crawling and indexing, XML sitemaps, duplicate content, structured data, and hreflang.

What is Technical SEO?

Technical SEO is the process of optimizing a website’s infrastructure and code in order to make it easier for search engine crawlers to crawl, index, and understand the content on the website. It includes things like optimizing the website’s speed and performance, ensuring that the website is secure and stable, and making sure that the website’s content is well-structured and easy to understand for search engine crawlers.

Benefits of Technical SEO

Technical SEO is an important part of any SEO strategy because it can help to improve a website’s overall search engine rankings. By addressing any issues that may be hindering the website’s performance, Technical SEO can help to ensure that the website is crawled, indexed, and ranked properly in search engine results pages. This can lead to increased organic traffic, higher conversion rates, and better overall user experience.

Crawling and Indexing

What are Crawling and Indexing?

Crawling and indexing are the processes that search engine crawlers use to discover and interpret the content on websites. The crawler visits the website and follows any links it finds in order to discover more content. It then parses the content and stores it in the search engine’s index.

How to Crawl and Index

In order for a website’s content to be indexed, it needs to be crawled by the search engine’s crawler. This can be done by submitting the website’s URL to the search engine, or by adding the website’s sitemap to the search engine’s webmaster tools.

XML Sitemaps

What is an XML Sitemap?

An XML sitemap is a file that contains a list of all of the URLs on a website. It is designed to help search engine crawlers find and index the site’s content more efficiently.

How to Create an XML Sitemap

Creating an XML sitemap is a relatively simple process. Most content management systems have plugins or modules that allow you to easily create an XML sitemap or there are several sites that provide free XML sitemap generator. Once the sitemap is created, it should be uploaded to the website’s root directory, and then submitted to the search engine’s webmaster tools.

Duplicate Content

What is Duplicate Content?

Duplicate content is content that is substantially similar to the content on other websites or even on the same website. It can occur for a variety of reasons, such as when the same content is published on multiple pages of a website, when multiple websites are using the same content, or when content is copied from other websites without proper attribution.

How to Identify and Prevent Duplicate Content

Identifying and preventing duplicate content can be a challenge, but there are some steps that can be taken to help. You can use a plagiarism checker to detect any instances of duplicate content. Then, ensure that all content on the website is original and properly attributed. Additionally, use canonical tags to indicate to search engines which version of the content should be indexed.

Structured Data

What is Structured Data?

Structured data is a method of adding additional information to a website’s HTML in order to provide additional context to search engine crawlers. It is used to help search engine crawlers understand the content on the page, as well as to provide additional information about the page to search engine users.

How to Implement Structured Data

Structured data can be implemented using markup. This markup is added to the HTML of the website, and it tells search engine crawlers what the content on the page is about. Google provides a tool called the Structured Data Markup Helper which can be used to generate the necessary markup.


What is Hreflang?

Hreflang is an HTML tag that lets search engines know which version of a webpage should be shown to users in a specific language or region. This is especially important for websites that have multiple language versions, as it ensures that users are shown the version of the page that is most relevant to them.

How to Implement Hreflang

Hreflang tags can be implemented in a webpage's HTTP header or HTML head. When implementing hreflang tags, it is important to ensure that they are properly implemented and contain the correct information. Additionally, it is important to ensure that all versions of a page have the corresponding hreflang tag so that search engine crawlers can properly identify and serve the correct version of a page.


Technical SEO is an important and often overlooked aspect of SEO. By optimizing the technical aspects of a website and ensuring that it is easily crawlable and indexable, you can improve its visibility in SERPs and increase organic traffic. This guide has provided.